Showing posts with the label referendum

How Europe and America Lost Turkey

A Japanese diplomat once replied to an American counterpart asking him about the principles of the Japanese foreign policy by pointing, “Your country may be based on principles, ours is based on archipelago”. Geographic boundaries are rarely elastic, even when socially constructed. Cultural boundaries may seem more elastic, but like the physical ones, they too are rarely prone to fundamental changes. More importantly, the latter often determine the perception of the former. In “The Revenge of Geography” Robert Kaplan argued in a powerful way that ignoring geography may be a fatal mistake that could prevent us from understanding the nature of many political conflicts. What he ostensibly omitted from his paradigm is the difference between physical and human geography. A cursory look would show that when the two overlap, greater stability ensues. But when they don’t, a search of identity could take many paths, not all of them leading to stability. Turkey is a case in focu

How a Second Brexit Referendum Would Kill the EU

How a Second Brexit Referendum Would Kill the EU COMMENTARY  by    Liubomir K. Topaloff   JULY 3, 2016, 7:00 AM EDT E-mail   Tweet   Facebook   Linkedin Share icons EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker (L) and EU Council President Donald Tusk (R) talk prior to give a press conference during a EU Summit meeting at the EU headquarters in Brussels on June 29, 2016.  Photograph by John Thys — AFP via Getty Images Even if the “leave” campaign won with just one vote, the results should still stand. Liubomir K. Topaloff is an associate professor of political science at the School of Political Science and Economics at Meiji University. The Brexit referendum results provoked an unprecedented upheaval. Within hours last Friday, a  petition  to the British Parliament called for a second referendum, and in just a week, over 4 million people have signed it, raising the hopes that not all is lost for the “remain” campaign. According to U.K. law, any petit